American Human Trafficking Policy: A Tool of Rewarding Friends and Punishing the Enemies States
Sani, Sani Ibrahim, Adlina Ab. Halim

The Trafficking Victim Protection Act 2000 (TVPA) is the main policy to address trafficking in person in United States and beyond but the policy is used as device of promoting US global hegemony. The article was aimed to examine the US trafficking policy as an instrument of promoting US global power and as a tool of rewarding friends and punishing the enemy’s states. The study is situated within hegemony theory (See section 1.1) to explain the power relation between the hegemonic US and non-hegemonic states in relation to trafficking in person’s policy. The method in obtaining data for this article was mainly through secondary source. The findings reveals that despite the United Nations Trafficking Protocol, US unilaterally imposed its own standard to other states through its Trafficking Victim Protection Act (TVPA) and gives itself the authority to monitor states commitment and hold them accountable by sanctioning the enemies and rewarding the friend countries (See section 2.1). The study suggested the need for multilateral efforts in the global fight against human trafficking through compliance with the United Nations Trafficking Protocol not on the unilateral stand of United States.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jppg.v4n2a2